It represents a complete or incomplete break in the continuity of the bone, caused by forces beyond the resistance of bone or due to pathological processes and demineralization (osteoporosis).
Fractures may be: direct, indirect, indoor, outdoor, pathological, sports, stress fractures.
The most common complications are:
Pseudoarthrosis – a false joint.
Fractura male sanata – badly grown together fractures.
Myositis osificans – ossification of muscle.
Morbus Sudec – pathological effects of the sympatikus.
Volkman ischemic contracture – ischemic muscles and circulatory disorders with trophic changes.
The main symptoms are pain, swelling, decreased function of the injured body part, abnormal mobility, crepitation (crunching), muscle spasm …